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Felony charges for drug possession or distribution are the most typical felonies in criminal law.
If you’ve been charged with possession or distribution of cocaine, the Leading Dallas Lawyer can help you to clear your name of the charges. The federal court system is notorious for the incredibly harsh penalties for illegal drug cases. Most of these cases are prosecuted as conspiracies and, with the way sentences are calculated with the Federal Sentencing Guidelines, lower-level dealers can have their sentences increased drastically based on the quantity of illegal drugs having been dealt by their claimed partners. The federal system is very different than the state court structure in these criminal matters. These cases will need legal counsel who’s experienced and acquainted with the various trial rules and sentencing guidelines. This experience provides him a tremendous edge over those attorneys who don’t practice on a regular basis in federal court. The Leading Dallas Criminal Attorney has effectively represented many clients facing drug charges in both State and Federal court, and he can achieve the same for you.
Cocaine Distribution in Dallas
Dallas is one of the most significant cocaine distribution centers within the United States. It’s a distribution center utilized by numerous drug traffickers to provide illegal drugs to major market areas throughout the United States as well as to supply dealers located within the Dallas HIDTA (High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area) region. Cocaine, Crack, marijuana and, to a lesser extent, heroin, methamphetamine, and MDMA (three,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine, also recognized as Ecstacy) are transshipped from Dallas to main market locations including Atlanta, Chicago, Dallas, Denver, Detroit, Kansas City, Los Angeles, New York, Philadelphia, and St. Louis. Once illegal drug shipments are delivered to Dallas, they’re frequently stored at local stash sites awaiting additional distribution to illegal drug markets. Drug trafficking operations are very susceptible at these stash sites; seizures of unlawful drugs from places where significant quantities are stored usually result in a significantly larger loss for DTOs (Drug Trafficking Organizations).
Dallas’s well-developed highway system, organized financial structure, racial and ethnic diversity, and substantial volume of international trade contribute towards the area’s role as a main shipment point for illegal drugs meant for U.S. drug markets and illegal drug profits headed for Mexico. The substantial quantity of drug-related investigations linked to the city exemplifies Dallas’s role as an important national drug distribution and cash laundering center.
Definition: Drug Trafficking Organizations, Criminal Groups, and Gangs
Drug trafficking organizations (DTOs) are sophisticated organizations with highly defined command-and-control structures that transport, distribute, and/or produce sizeable amounts of one or more unlawful drugs.
Criminal groups operating in the United States are numerous and consist of limited to moderately sized, loosely knit organizations that disperse one or more illegal drugs at the retail level and midlevel.
Gangs are defined by the National Alliance of Gang Investigators’ Associations as groups or associations of three or more persons with a common identifying sign, symbol, or name, whose members on their own or collectively practice criminal activity that produces an atmosphere of intimidation and fear.
Mexican DTOs are the most pervasive organizational threat towards the Dallas area. The proximity of their operations to the U.S.- Mexico border along with their access to major drug market locations all through the U.S. have empowered Mexican DTOs to emerge as the main traffickers in the region, in most areas along the U.S.-Mexico border, and in numerous areas of the United States.
Prison gangs, street gangs, and outlaw motorcycle gangs (OMGs) disperse illegal drugs at both the retail and wholesale levels in the Dallas area. Nearly all gangs in the region use illegal drug trafficking as their main source of income. Although most gangs distribute drugs at the retail level, some have developed partnerships with Mexican DTOs that permit them to acquire wholesale quantities of drugs directly from Mexico. These gangs are most prevalent in urban locations, including Dallas, Corpus Christi, and Beaumont, where violence associated with their drug- and gang- related activities is often a considerable menace to community and law enforcement protection.
As a direct result Hurricane Katrina, associations among New Orleans and Dallas drug traffickers are reportedly increasing. Approximately 150,000 Katrina evacuees relocated to the Dallas area as a result of the hurricane. Several of these evacuees had been illegal drug traffickers from high-crime areas of New Orleans and, upon relocating to Dallas, developed associations with drug dealers and gang members. Many of these traffickers have returned home to New Orleans, and the connections that they built with these Dallas-based drug dealers have provided them the ability to obtain significant quantities of illicit drugs directly from connections in Dallas.
The distribution and exploitation of illicit drugs in the Dallas region places considerable societal and economic burdens on communities and local, state, and federal agencies. Crack cocaine is the major illegal drug of abuse for numerous illegal drug abusers in urban areas of Dallas; the drug has experienced a significant effect on the level of violent and property crime occurring in a number of communities. However, the quantity of cocaine, marijuana, and methamphetamine seized in the region has lessened in recent years. This reduction can be attributed, in part, to a rise in seizures made prior to the drugs being smuggled across the Southwest Border, increased seizures in South Texas counties that border Mexico, and traffickers’ use of alternate routes to smuggle illegal drugs across the Southwest Border.
Cocaine Distribution Defense: Hire the Best Dallas Lawyer
In Texas, charges for Cocaine distribution are 1st degree crimes, and carry the harshest penalties. Possession of the Cocaine or possession with the intent to distribute , is a 2nd degree crime, and can lead to steep penalties, probation and/or imprisonment. Drug distribution is a serious offense. Having said that, like all drug crimes, drug distribution must be placed into the correct context to be able to make certain that charges are not excessive. What might seem to be drug distribution may in fact not be, and a expert legal professional will see to it that you are provided a powerful defense all through your criminal arrest.
The amount of drugs within your possession, how those drugs are prepared, which drugs are found to be on your person, and how many different types of drugs you have are all elements that will be taken into consideration during a drug distribution case. For example, if a variety of packaged drugs are found within your possession, then it might be assumed that you, like a shop, possess a large number of new products ready to sell. Likewise, your past criminal history will play a factor, as will the place that you had been arrested. Being busted in an area known to be frequented by drug dealers, for example, won’t assist your case.
If a person is found to be in possession of illegal drugs, does not appear to be using the drugs him or herself, and is behaving in a manner that is an indication of drug distribution, then law enforcement officials may place that individual under arrest on suspicion of drug distribution. Although other drug charges like possession for sale require that some type of monetary transaction take place, drug distribution only requires that illicit drugs are transferred from one individual to another. Therefore, defense against these charges can be complicated, particularly within the state of Texas. Due to the complexities of Texas law, the best strategy taken by a person charged with drug distribution is retaining the services of a knowledgeable Dallas Criminal Defense Attorney .
The Top Dallas Criminal Defense Attorney will investigate the circumstances surrounding your case, and will develop the most effective defense possible considering the circumstances. If you stand accused, please don’t hesitate to get in touch with the Finest Dallas Lawyer Twenty-four Hours A Day, 365 Days /year to discuss the specifics of your case.
Charles Johnson |
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, drug possession
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Dallas Search and Seizure Lawyer: The Charles Johnson Law Firm
Although individuals within the U.S. are entitled to privacy and freedom from government intrusion, there is a limit to that privacy. Federal or state law enforcement officers are permitted, where justified, to search your premises, car, or some other assets in order to look for and seize unlawful items, stolen goods or evidence of a criminal offense. What rules must law enforcement follow when engaging in searches and seizures? What can they do in upholding the laws, and what can’t they do?
What police officers May Do:
- Under the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution, law enforcement officials may engage in "reasonable" searches and seizures.
- To establish that a search is "reasonable," law enforcement need to generally demonstrate that it is more likely than not that a criminal offense has happened, and that in cases where a search is conducted it is probable that they will find either stolen goods or proof of the criminal offense. This is often designated probable cause.
- In a few situations, law enforcement need to first make this showing to a judge who issues a search warrant. Usually in most special circumstances, however, the authorities may be able to conduct a search without having a warrant. In fact, nearly all searches are "warrantless."
- Police may search and seize items or evidence when there’s no "legitimate expectation of privacy." In various other words, in the event you didn’t have a privacy interest in the items or evidence, the authorities can take them and, in effect, no "search" has transpired.
Note: In deciding whether or not there was a "legitimate expectation of privacy," a court will take into consideration two matters:
- Did you have an expectation of some degree of privacy?
- Was that expectation reasonable in our society’s view?
Example: You have a semi-automatic rifle that you had stolen from a pawn shop. You leave the firearm laying on the hood of your automobile when you get home. You don’t have a "legitimate expectation of privacy" with regard to items you leave on the hood of your automobile, and police officers may take the firearm. No search has transpired.
- Police may use first-hand info, or tips from an informant to justify the need to search your property. If an informant’s info is utilized, police officers need to establish that the information is reliable under the circumstances.
- Once a warrant is obtained, law enforcement may enter onto the specified area of the property and search for the items listed on the warrant.
- Police could very well extend the search beyond the specified area of the property or include some other items in the search beyond those specified or listed within the warrant if it is required to:
- Ensure their safety or the safety of others;
- Prevent the destruction of evidence;
- Discover more about possible evidence or stolen items that are in plain view; or
- Hunt for evidence or stolen items that, primarily based upon their preliminary search of the specified area, they believe may be in a different location on the property.
Example: Police officers have a warrant to search your basement for evidence of a drug manufacturing operation. On their way through your property to go down to the basement, they see a cache of firearms sitting on your kitchen table. Some might take the guns to guarantee their safety while searching your basement.
- Police may search your property without having a warrant in the event you consent to the search. Consent has to be freely and voluntarily given, and you can never be coerced or tricked into giving it.
- Police may search your person and the immediate surroundings without the need of a warrant when they are placing you under criminal arrest.
- If an individual is arrested in a home, law enforcement officials may make a "protective sweep" of the home in order to make a "cursory visual inspection" of places where an accomplice may be hiding. In order to do this, police officers must have a reasonable belief that an accomplice may be around.
Example: Police officers arrest you inside your living room on criminal charges of murder. Some may open the door of your coat closet to make certain that nobody else is hiding there, but may not open your medicine cabinet mainly because an accomplice couldn’t hide there.
- When you are being taken to jail, law enforcement may perform an "inventory search" of items you have with you without the need of a warrant. This search may include your vehicle if it is being held by the authorities in order to make a list of all items inside.
- Police may search without having a warrant should they reasonably fear for their safety or for the public’s safety.
Example: If police officers drive past your home on a regular patrol of the neighborhood and see you, inside your open garage, with ten cases of dynamite and a blowtorch, they can search your garage without having a warrant.
- If it’s required to prevent the imminent destruction of evidence, the authorities may search without any a warrant.
Example: If police officers see you trying to burn a stack of cash that you stole from a bank, they can perform a search without having a warrant to stop you from further destroying the cash.
- Perform a search, without having a warrant, when they are in "hot pursuit" of a suspect who enters a private dwelling or area subsequent to fleeing the scene of a criminal offense.
Example: If police officers are chasing you from the scene of a murder, and you run into your apartment in an effort to get away from them, they could follow you into the apartment and search the area without any a warrant.
- Police may perform a pat-down of your outer clothing, in what is designated a "stop and frisk" situation, as long as they reasonably believe that you may be concealing a firearm and they fear for their safety.
What police officers May NOT Do:
- The law enforcement officials may not perform a warrantless search anywhere you have a reasonable expectation of privacy, unless one of the warrant exceptions applies.
- If evidence was acquired via an unreasonable or unlawful search, police officers may not use it against you in a trial. This is often designated the "exclusionary rule."
- The law enforcement officials may not use evidence resulting from an unlawful search to obtain various other evidence.
- The law enforcement officials may not submit an affidavit in support of obtaining a search warrant if they didn’t have a reasonable belief in the truth of the statements within the affidavit.
- Unless there is a reasonable suspicion that it contains evidence, unlawful items, or stolen goods, the authorities may not search your automobile. If your automobile has been seized by police officers, however, they can search it.
- Unless they have a reasonable suspicion that you are involved in a criminal activity, police officers may not "stop and frisk" you. Should they have a reasonable suspicion, they can pat down your outer clothing if they have concerns that you could be concealing a firearm.
Dallas Search & Seizure Defense: Hire the Leading Dallas Lawyer
Courts quite often need to determine case-by-case whether or not the circumstances in which police officers searched without a warrant had been legal. As a result, any time a search has already happened and you aren’t sure of its legality, get in touch with Dallas Lawyer Charles Johnson as soon as possible. And if the search has not yet been conducted, make sure that you understand your legal rights in advance.
Charles Johnson |
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, dallas lawyer
, government intrusion
, law enforcement officials
, legitimate expectation
, privacy interest
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, special circumstances
, united states constitution
Important! The most crucial advice that may be given to you prior to hiring a skilled vehicular manslaughter lawyer would be to exercise your right to remain silent. Do not throw yourself under the bus by attempting to explain what actually transpired to the wrong people. Vehicular manslaughter is known as a charge brought against anyone who drives a vehicle and unintentionally kills another individual. Vehicular manslaughter is the crime of causing the death of a human being because of the illegal driving of a car, including gross negligence, driving under the influence, reckless driving or exceeding the speed limit.
Dallas Vehicular Manslaughter Lawyer: The Charles Johnson Law Firm
Vehicular manslaughter can be charged as a misdemeanor (minor crime having a maximum punishment of a 12 months in county jail or only a fine) or a felony punishable by a term in state prison, depending on the circumstances. Gross negligence or driving a few miles over the posted speed limit might be charged as misdemeanor vehicular manslaughter, but driving while intoxicated resulting in a death is most likely viewed as felony vehicular manslaughter. Death of a passenger, including a family member or friend, can be vehicular manslaughter if caused by illegal driving.
The penalties for a conviction on a vehicular manslaughter charge can range from imprisonment, probation or parole, loss of driving privileges, steep fines, or other punishment. A vehicular manslaughter sentence may vary on the severity of the damages caused by the actual accident.
Sentencing for vehicular manslaughter is going to be dependent on several factors relating to the criminal history of the charged and other sociological factors. Prior prosecutions or similar convictions with regard to vehicular manslaughter, being presently on probation or parole are all criminal background factors that can weigh on the sentence for vehicular manslaughter. Sociological factors like the attitude of the community and court toward this sort of crime, amount of media attention on the case, extenuating circumstances, as well as whether the accident was drug or alcohol related can impact the sentencing for a vehicular manslaughter case.
The defense for a vehicular manslaughter case can mean the primary difference between a suspended sentence or a lengthy jail term. Defenses for any vehicular manslaughter charge range from a not at fault or lack of negligence defense, inadequate evidence, factual innocence, or other defenses depending on the information on the case. Before choosing a defense you need to have already chosen an experienced vehicular manslaughter lawyer.
An experienced vehicular manslaughter attorney will help you with the early preparation of the case, including legal research and defense strategy. Attorney Charles Johnson can interview witnesses, law enforcement, and the prosecutor to minimize or perhaps have the case eliminated. Attorney Johnson can also help reduce bail requirements, work out alternatives for example counseling instead of a jail sentence, and even have the case dismissed. If you are being charged with vehicular manslaughter you simply can’t afford to take this case all on your own or with a public defender for that matter. You need an experienced vehicular manslaughter lawyer, and you needed one yesterday.
Dallas Vehicular Manslaughter Defense Lawyer: The Charles Johnson Law Firm
If you have been in an automobile accident and arrested for vehicular manslaughter, intoxicated manslaughter or intoxicated assault, you can expect the District Attorney’s office to take the case very seriously. In Texas, prosecutors work hard to seek convictions as well as prison time for felony charges involving vehicular manslaughter or assault — particularly if it is alleged that you were drunk at the time of the accident.
Charles Johnson |
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, gross negligence
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